Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the 14th of April extended the 21 days Lockdown period which ends on 15 the April to May 3rd which makes it as 40 days lockdown. You also announce that new guidelines for lockdown 2.2 will be released on 15th of April with some relaxation in the lockdown.

MHA released new guidelines to followed during the 2nd phase of the lockdown period. Guidelines differ from Containment Zone.

Along with the Guidelines MHA on 25th Of April announced that shops apart from single and multi brand mall can be opened especially which is outside the the Hotspot/containment zone.

Market complexes, except those within the limits of municipal corporations and municipalities, are allowed to open.

Mandatory: 50% strength of workers, wearing of masks & observing.

Relaxations not applicable in Hotspots/containment zones

MHA orders to open Shops

New Guidelines for lockdown 2.0

  • Prohibited Activities during 2nd phase of lockdown
  • Travel by air, rail, and road.
  • Operation of educational and training institutions.
  • Industrial and commercial activities; hospitality Services.
  • All cinema halls, shopping complexes, theatres, etc.
  • All social, political and other events;
  • Opening of all religious places/ places of worship for members of the public, including religious congregations.
  • Shops apart from Single and Multi Brand mall outside Containment zone can be opened.
  • IT Companies can work with.
  • Only 50% strength of workers, wearing of masks & observing.

Permitted activities during the 2nd phase of lockdown

Permitted activities are to maintained only outside the containment zone.

  • Ensuring that agricultural and related activities remain fully functional; the rural economy functions with maximum efficiency; employment opportunities are created for daily wage earners and other members of the labor force; select industrial activities are allowed to resume their operations, with adequate safeguards and mandatory standard operating protocols (SOPs); and the digital economy. At the same time, keeping the imperative of containing the spread of COVID-19 in the country, National Directives for COVID-19 management have been laid down, which shall be enforced by the District Magistrates through fines and penal action as prescribed in the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • Transportation of goods will be permitted without any distinction of essential or nonessential.
  • Farming operations, including procurement of agricultural products, agriculture marketing through notified Mandis and direct and decentralized marketing, manufacture, distribution and retail of fertilizers, pesticides and seeds; activities of marine and inland fisheries; animal husbandry activities, including the supply chain of milk, milk products, poultry, and livestock farming; and tea, coffee, and rubber plantations are allowed to be functional.
  • To provide an impetus to the rural economy, industries operating in rural areas, including food processing industries; construction of roads, irrigation projects, buildings, and industrial projects in rural areas; works under MNREGA, with priority to irrigation and water conservation works; and operation of rural Common Service Centres (CSCs) have all been allowed. These activities will create job opportunities for rural labor, including the migrant labor force.
  • Manufacturing and other industrial establishments with access control have been permitted in SEZs, Eos, industrial estates and industrial townships after implementation of SOP for social distancing. Manufacture of IT hardware and of essential goods and packaging are also allowed. Coal, mineral, and oil production are permitted activities. It is expected that the industrial and manufacturing sectors will see a revival with these measures, and will create job opportunities while maintaining safety protocols and social distancing. At the same time, the important components of the financial sector, e.g., RBI, banks, ATMs, capital and debt markets as notified by SEBI and insurance companies will also remain functional, with a view to providing enough liquidity and credit support to the industrial sectors.
  • The digital economy is critical to the services sector and is important for national growth. Accordingly, e-commerce operations, operations of IT and IT-enabled services, data and call centers for Government activities, and online teaching and distance learning are all permitted activities now.
  • The revised guidelines also permit all health services and the social sector to remain functional; public utilities to function without any hindrance; the supply chain of essential goods to operate without any hindrance; and, important offices of Central and State Governments and local bodies to remain open with the required strength.

Detailed Guidelines on Lockdown

1.With the extension of the lockdown period, the following activities will
continue to remain prohibited across the country until 3 May, 2020

I. All domestic and international air travel of passengers, except for purposes enumerated in para 4 (X), and for security purposes.
ii. All passenger movement by trains, except for security purposes.
iii. Buses for public transport.
iv. Metro rail services.
V. Inter-district and inter-State movement of individuals except for medical reasons or for activities permitted under these guidelines.
Vi. All educational, training, coaching institutions etc. shall remain closed.
vii. All industrial and commercial activities other than those specifically permitted under these guidelines.
viii. Hospitality services other than those specifically permitted under these guidelines.
ix. Taxis (including auto-rickshaws and cycle rickshaws) and services of cab
X. All Cinema halls, malls, shopping complexes, gymnasiums, sports complexes, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places.
xi. All social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious
functions/ other gatherings.
xii. All religious places/ places of worship shall be closed for the public. Religious congregations are strictly prohibited.
xii. In the case of funerals, a congregation of more than twenty persons will not be permitted.

2. Operation of guidelines in Hotspots and containment zones

i. ‘Hotspots, ie. areas of large COVID-19 outbreaks, or clusters with a significant spread of CoVID-19, will be determined as per the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India (Gol).

ii. In these hotspots, containment zones will be demarcated by States/ UTs/ District administrations as per the guidelines of MoHFW.

iii. In these containment zones, the activities allowed under these guidelines will not be permitted. There shall be strict perimeter control in the area of the containment zones to ensure that there is no unchecked inward/ outward movement of population from these zones except for maintaining essential services (including medical emergencies and law and order related duties) and Government business continuity. The guidelines issued in this regard by MoHFW ill be strictly implemented by State/ UT Governments and the local district authorities.

3.Select permitted activities allowed with effect from 20 April, 2020:

i. To mitigate hardship to the public, select additional activities that have been
allowed which will come into effect from 20 April 2020. These limited
exemptions will be operationalized by States/ UTs/ district administrations
based on strict compliance with the existing guidelines. Also, before allowing
these select additional activities, States/ UTS/ district administrations shall
ensure that all preparatorY arrangements with regard to the Standard
Operating Procedures (SOPs) for social distancing in offices, workplaces,
factories, and establishments, as also other sectoral requirements are in place.
ii. The consolidated revised guidelines incorporating these select permitted activities have been enumerated in paras 5-20 below.

4. Strict enforcement of the lockdown guidelines

i. State UT Governments shall not dilute these guidelines issued under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, in any manner, and shall strictly enforce the same.
ii. State/ UT Governments, may, however, impose stricter measures than these guidelines as per the requirement of the local areas.

5. All health services (including AYUSH) to remain functional, such as

i. Hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, telemedicine facilities
ii. Dispensaries, chemists, pharmacies, all kinds of medicine shops including Jan Aushadhi Kendras and medical equipment shops.
iii.Medical laboratories and collection centers.
iv. Pharmaceutical and medical research labs, institutions carrying out COViD-19 related research.
v. Veterinary Hospitals, dispensaries, clinics, pathology labs, sale and supply of vaccine and medicine
vi. Authorized private establishments, which support the provisioning of essential services, or efforts for containment of CoVID-19, including home care providers, diagnostics, supply chain firms serving hospitals.
vii. Manufacturing units of drugs, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, medical oxygen, their packaging material, raw material, and intermediates.
viii. Construction of medical/ health infrastructure including the manufacture of the ambulance.
ix. Movement (inter and Intra State, including by air) of all medical and veterinary personnel, scientists, nurses, para-medical staff, lab technicians, midwives, and other hospital support services, including ambulances.

6. Agricultural and related activities:

A. All agricultural and horticultural.activties to remain fully functional such as:

i. Farming operations by farmers and farmworkers in the field.
ii. Agencies engaged in the procurement of agriculture products, including MSP operations.
iii. Mandis’ operated by the Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC) or as notified by the State/ UT Government (eg., satellite mandis). Direct marketing operations by the State/ UT Government or by industry, directly from farmers/groups of farmers, FPOs’ co-operatives, etc. States/ UTs may promote decentralized marketing and procurement at the village level.
repairs to remain open.
iv.Shops of agriculture machinery, its spare parts (including its supply chain) and
V. Custom Hiring Centres (CHC) related to farm machinery.
vi. Manufacturing, distribution, and retail of fertilizers, pesticides, and seeds.
vii. Movement (inter and Intra State) of harvesting and sowing related machines like combined harvester and other agriculture/ horticulture implements.

3. Fisheries the following activities will be functional:

i. Operations of the fishing (marine and inland)/ aquaculture industry, including feeding&maintenance, harvesting. processing. packaging. cold chain, sale,and marketing.
ii. Hatcheries, feed plants, commercial aquaria.
iii. Movement of fish/ shrimp and fish products, fish seed/ feed and workers for all these activities.

C. Plantations- the following activities will be functional:

i. Operations of tea, coffee, and rubber plantations, with a maximum of 50% workers.
ii. Processing, packaging, sale and marketing of tea, coffee, rubber and cashew, With a maximum of 50% of workers.

D. Animal husbandry-the following activities will be functional
i. Collection, processing, distribution and sale of milk and milk products by milk processing plants, including transport and supply chain.
ii. Operation of animal husbandry farms including poultry farms & hatcheries and livestock farming activity.
iii. Animal feed manufacturing and feed plants, including supply of raw material, Such as maize and soya.
iv. Operation of animal shelter homes, including Gaushalas

7. Financial sector: following to remain functional:

i. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and R81 regulated financial markets and entities like NPCI, CCIL, payment system operators and standalone primary dealers.

ii. Bank branches and ATMs. IT vendors for banking operations, Banking
Correspondents (BCs), ATM operation and cash management agencies.
a. Bank branches are allowed to work as per normal working hours till the disbursal of DBT cash transfers is complete.
b. Local administration to provide adequate security personnel at bank branches and BCs to maintain social distancing. law and order and
staggering of account holders.
iii. SEBI, and capital and debt market services as notified by the Securities and EXchange Board of India (SEB).
iv. IRDAI and Insurance companies.

8. Social sector: following to remain functional:

i. Operation of homes for children/ disabled/ mentally challenged! senior citizens/ destitute/ Women/ widows.
ii. Observation homes, aftercare homes and places of safety for juveniles.
ii. Disbursement of social security pensions, eg, old age/ widow freedom fighter pensions; pension and provident fund services provided by Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO).
iv. Operation of Anganwadis- distribution of food items and nutrition once in 15 days at the doorsteps of beneficiaries, e.g, children, women and lactating mothers. Beneficiaries will not attend the Anganwadis.

9. Online teaching/ distance learning to be encouraged:

i. All educational, training, coaching institutions etc. shall remain closed.

ii. However, these establishments are expected to maintain the academic
schedule through online teaching.
iii. Maximum use of Doordarshan (DD) and other educational channels may be made for teaching purposes.

10. MNREGA works to be allowed:

i. MNREGA works are allowed with strict implementation of social distancing and face mask.
ii. Priority to be given under MNREGA to irrigation and water conservation works.
ii. Other Central and State sector schemes in irrigation and water conservation sectors may also be allowed to be implemented and suitably dovetailed with MNREGA works.

11. Public utilities: following to remain functional:

i. Operations of Oil and Gas sector, including refining, transportation,
distribution, storage and retail of products, e.g.. petrol, diesel, kerosene, CNG, LPG, PNG, etc.
ii. Generation, transmission, and distribution of power at Central and State/ UT levels.
iii. Postal services, including post offices.
iv. Operations of utilities in water, sanitation and waste management sectors, at municipal/ local body levels in States and UTs.
v. Operation of utilities providing telecommunications and internet services.

12. Movement, loading/ unloading of goods/ cargo (inter and Intra State) is allowed, as under:

i. All goods traffic will be allowed to ply.
ii. Operations of Railways: Transportation of goods and parcel trains.
iii. Operations of Airports and related facilities for air transport for cargo
movement, relief, and evacuation.
iv. Operations of Seaports and Inland Container Depots (ICDs) for cargo
transport, including authorized custom clearing and forwarding agents.

Arun Kumar has spent 10 years in the consulting service, having worked with Indian and multinational organizations. An MBA Graduate from the University of Madras, he has managed portfolios independently...

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